Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Cephalaspidomorphi (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes
(Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae
(Northern lampreys) > Petromyzontinae
Etymology: Ichthyomyzon: Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek, myzo = to suckle (Ref. 45335); bdellium: From the word bdello, meaning leech (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate, preferred ?; 43°N - 34°N
North America: Ohio River basin from extreme southwestern New York west to northern Indiana and eastern Illinois and south to northern Alabama in USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); 30.5 cm TL (female); common length : 19.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 1 years (Ref. 12193)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished by the following characters: oral disc as wide or wider than head; teeth sharp and well developed; usually 56-62 trunk myomeres; black on lateral-line pores; one slightly notched dorsal fin (Ref. 86798). Other diagnostic features: 11.7-27.9 cm TL. Body proportions, as percentage of TL (based on 51 specimens measuring 12.5-25.9 cm TL): prebranchial length, 10.4-14.0; branchial length, 7.6-10.7; trunk length, 47.3-54.3; tail length, 21.4-31.2; eye length, 0.6-1.8; disc length, 6.2-9.5. The urogenital papilla length, as a percentage of branchial length, in 10 spawning males measuring 11.7-24.7 cm TL, 8.7-16.0. Trunk myomeres, 53-62. Dentition: supraoral lamina, 2-3 teeth (if 3, the median one shortest); infraoral lamina, 5-11 teeth; typically 4 endolateral teeth on each side, but 5 teeth also occur; 7-10, mode of 8, bicuspid endolaterals in total, the other endolaterals, if any, unicuspid; 3-4 rows of anterials, usually 3; first row of anterials, 3 teeth, all unicuspid; 4-8 rows of exolaterals on each side, usually 6; 2 rows of posterials; first row of posterials, 8-9, all unicuspid; transverse lingual lamina moderately to strongly w-shaped, with numerous cusps; longitudinal lingual laminae, number of teeth unrecorded. Velar tentacles, 2-3, smooth. Body coloration (live), slate gray dorsal aspect and silvery gray lateral and ventral aspects. Lateral line neuromasts darkly pigmented, although they may be unpigmented in recently transformed adults. Caudal fin pigmentation, 75% or more. Caudal fin shape, rounded. Oral fimbriae, 103-144. Oral papillae, 20-32 (Ref. 89241).
Inhabit smaller, more upland rivers, and less encountered in reservoirs (Ref. 10294). Freshwater. Ammocoetes and spawning adults inhabit brooks and small rivers, while feeding adults inhabit medium-sized to large rivers (Ref.89241). Ammocoete larvae live near debris in muddy pools and backwaters. Known to parasitize suckers (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00040 - 0.00284), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .