Cynotilapia afra  (Günther, 1894)

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Cynotilapia afra
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cynotilapia: Greek, kyon = dog + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 8.0 - 8.5; dH range: 15 - ?; depth range 3 - 30 m.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060); 9°S - 15°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5622)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: Body moderately elongated and of medium depth (Ref. 88848). Dorsal profile of body rounded; fronted profile straight; jaws isognathous; due to evisceration, body depth likely to be altered (Ref. 88848). Teeth of outer jaw rows regularly spaced, large and caniniform, decreasing abruptly from symphysis to corner of lower jaw, more progressively on upper jaw; on lower jaw, two teeth on each side of the symphysis distinctly larger than other teeth; teeth in posterior rows clearly smaller and spaced (Ref. 88848). Coloration: Body uniform, more or less dark brown, a spot on the end of the opercle and all the fins deep black (Ref. 52184, 88848).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi, indigenous to the central and northern parts of the Lake (Ref. 5622).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found common in the upper part of the rocky biotope which is usually sediment-free. Males which are territorial mainly feed from the biocover on the rocks close to their homestead while others which are more gregarious feed on plankton (Ref. 5595).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Maréchal, C., 1991. Cynotilapia. p. 67-68. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01860 (0.00883 - 0.03917), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.