Oreochromis lepidurus  (Boulenger, 1899)

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Oreochromis lepidurus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Oreochromis: Latin, aurum = gold + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  lepidurus: From the Greek "lepis" = scale and "oura" = tail, referring to the densely scaled caudal fin (Ref. 55074).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: lower Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 2). Also reported from Angola (Ref. 2, 55074, 74387), where it probably occurs in the lower Congo River and/or coastal rivers between the lower Congo and Bengo (Ref. 2).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2989)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9; Vertebrae: 28. Diagnosis: mature male with tuberculate genital papilla, some of the tubercles prolonged into filaments (Ref. 2). Caudal fin of adults densely scaled, usually with a reticulate melanin pattern (Ref. 2, 55074). 28 vertebrae; total dorsal rays 24-27; 19-24 lower gill-rakers; in adults snout long, preorbital bone deep and blade of lower pharyngeal 2-2.3 times the median length of the toothed area; outer teeth of jaws bicuspid unless by wearing down of minor cusp; maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 2).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Microphagous, using plankton (Ref. 2, 55074). Maternal, ovophilic mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Trewavas, E., 1983. Tilapiine fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Mus. Nat. Hist., London, UK. 583 p. (Ref. 2)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00707 - 0.03721), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .