Uraspis uraspis  (Günther, 1860)

Whitemouth jack
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Uraspis uraspis
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Uraspis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, aspis = shield (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 130 m (Ref. 58302).   Deep-water; 30°N - 36°S, 22°E - 154°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and the Persian Gulf eastward to Sri Lanka; then from India to the Philippines and Oahu, Hawaii, north to the Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 559), south to northern Australia. Recently recorded from Reunion (Ref. 53568).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur in the continental shelf (Ref. 7300). They form schools in depths from 50 to at least 130 m. They feed on epibenthic crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00667 - 0.02855), b=2.96 (2.79 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.