Zenarchopterus buffonis  (Valenciennes, 1847)

Buffon's river-garfish
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Zenarchopterus buffonis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Zenarchopterus buffonis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae ()
Etymology: Zenarchopterus: Particle zen, derived from zao = to give life + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, pteron = fin.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - ? m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: India, Malay Peninsula, East Indies, Philippines, Hainan Island in China, Taiwan, New Guinea and northern Australia (Ref. 10943). Known from the lower Mekong (Ref. 12693).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10 - 13. A prominent dark brown stripe along the midline of the snout. Upper jaw distinctly wider than long; width divided by length 1.05-1.35. Sixth anal fin ray of adult males much thickened and enlarged, not reaching base of caudal fin. Fourth to seventh dorsal rays of adult males slightly elongate.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found at the surface levels in coastal waters, estuaries and rivers. Feeds on terrestrial insects. Not seen in markets (Ref. 12693).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovoviviparous.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collette, B.B. and J. Su, 1986. The halfbeaks (Pisces, Beloniformes, Hemiramphidae) of the Far East. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 138(1):250-301. (Ref. 10943)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00183 - 0.00992), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.50 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .