Arripis truttacea  (Cuvier, 1829)

Western Australian salmon
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Arripis truttacea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Arripis truttacea
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Arripidae (Australian salmon)
Etymology: Arripis: Latin, arripio, arripere = to take something suddenly.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 6390).   Subtropical; 27°S - 44°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia from Western Australia to Victoria and Tasmania.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 54 - ? cm
Max length : 96.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839); common length : 65.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27977); max. published weight: 10.5 kg (Ref. 27977); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 27977)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-19; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10; Vertebrae: 25. Greyish or greenish black to steel-blue with yellow to blackish spots dorsally; silvery white ventrally. Pectoral fin pale yellowish, other fins translucent. Juveniles similar but with a greater number of spots and with dark fin margins. Length of upper lobe of caudal fin <29.9% (Ref. 9701).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit continental shelf waters including estuaries, bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). They school in shallow, open coastal waters, and can move over reefs in depths just sufficient to cover their bodies (Ref. 6390). Juveniles are found over soft substrates in shallow and sheltered coastal waters (Ref. 6390). They are often found over seagrass (e.g. Posidonia species) beds and in mangrove-lined (Avicennia species) creeks (Ref. 27967). Larger fish move into exposed, coastal waters, such as around rocky headlands, near reefs and the surf zone (Ref. 6390). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 2156). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

They are probably serial batch spawners (Ref. 6390).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Paulin, C., 1993. Review of the Australian fish Family Arripididae (Percomorpha), with the description of a new species. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 44(3):459-471. (Ref. 9701)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 6390)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00351 - 0.02601), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.75 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.26-0.30; tm=3-6; tmax=9).
Prior r = 0.76, 2 SD range = 0.56 - 1.03, log(r) = -0.27, SD log(r) = 0.15, Based on: 1 M, 3 K, 4 tgen, 1 tmax, records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.