Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; catadromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical, preferred ?; 3°S - 14°S, 135°E - 149°E (Ref. 55)
Oceania: known only from southern Papua New Guinea between the Port Moresby district and the Fly River.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); max. published weight: 19.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 8. Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital bone relatively broad, usually much greater than eye diameter. preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line anteriorly. There are distinct color phases with the entire body blackish or with a series of 6 or 7 broad greyish bars on sides. Juveniles usually banded (Ref. 48635).
Adults inhabit large freshwater streams. Not reliably reported from marine habitats but may occur in estuaries. Larval stages are probably marine. Juveniles of adolescent fish may occur in mangroves and could be mistaken for the mangrove jack L. argentimaculatus that has a similarly banded pattern in such habitats (Ref. 48635). It is a popular sport fish forming the basis of a safari-angling industry.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .