Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Scartichthys: Greek, skaritis, -idos = a jewel stone with the colour of the fish scarus (Ref. 45335); gigas: Latin, gigas = giant; refers to the relatively large size of adults (Ref. 10696).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 10 m. Tropical; 9°N -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 13 cm
Max length : 22.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9280)
Eastern Pacific: Panama (Ref. 9280) to northern Chile (Ref. 10696).
Adults inhabit rocky coasts (Ref. 9280). They feed on plants, small mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 9280). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are deposited in mollusk shells or on rocks (Ref. 9280). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114). Used to prepare a soup called 'borracho' which evokes slight intoxication and tiredness; these effects, however, are of short duration (Ref. 9280).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Hastings, P.A., 1995. Blenniidae. Borrachos. p. 927-930. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9280)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00326 - 0.01685), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.39 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=1 and Fec=100-1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .