Pseudanos trimaculatus  (Kner, 1858)

Threespot headstander
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Pseudanos trimaculatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Anostomidae (Headstanders)
Etymology: Pseudanos: Derived from Greek, pseudes = false (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil, Guyana, Peru (Ref. 36801), Ecuador (Ref. 91907) and Argentina (Ref. 9086). Recorded from Amazon River basin (Ref. 36801); Rio Guaporé in Brazil, Essequibo and Rupununi Rivers in Guyana (Ref. 91907).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111518)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 11 - 12. Can be diagnosed by having the following characters: dark transversal bars on dorsum present; dark spots absent on the center of each body scale in some specimens; usually two, sometimes three or four midlateral dark blotches on body; angle of the dorsal and ventralmost radii of body scales between 110° and 180°; and cranial fontanel partially closed (Ref. 91907).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found in schools of 10-50 specimens in deeper water. They feed on plants (Ref. 13371). Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Garavello, Júlio | Collaborators

Garavello, J.C. and H.A. Britski, 2003. Anostomidae (Headstanders). p. 71-84. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36801)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00598 - 0.01673), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .