Pseudosphromenus cupanus  (Cuvier, 1831)

Spiketail paradisefish
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Pseudosphromenus cupanus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Pseudosphromenus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, ophromenos = oler (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 15.   Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672), preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula and Indonesia. Reported from Bangladesh (Ref. 1479).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Often found in ditches, paddy fields and shallow water not far from tidal influence (Ref. 1479). Prefer stagnant or slow-flowing water with thick vegetation such as grasses, roots and floating plants. Feed on insects and zooplankton. A bubble nest builder.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Builds a bubble nest. Male gathers the eggs in his mouth and spits them into the nest, sometimes female assists. Eggs hatch in a day. Male guards the nest and the young until they reach the free-swimming stage, which is about a week later. Male has also been observed building more than one bubble nest and moves the eggs from one nest to the other (Ref. 6028).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Pethiyagoda, R., 1991. Freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka. The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo. 362 p. (Ref. 6028)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri |
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