Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Diaphus: Greek, dis, dia = through + Greek, physa, phyo = to beget, to have as offspring (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 2999 m (Ref. 58018), usually 200 - ? m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 36°N - 49°S, 78°W - 180°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 9 - 10 cm
Max length : 11.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Eastern Atlantic: disjunct distribution from Morocco-Angola (gap in 17°N-11°N). Western Atlantic: USA to Brazil with isolated specimens to Argentina. Indian Ocean: equatorial waters and west of 70°E to 36°S in Agulhas Current. Indo-west-central Pacific: Southeast Asian seas and north to 8°N and eastwards to 126°W (Ref. 4775). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 425-750 m during the day and between 40-550 m at night (most abundant below 200 m at night) (Ref. 4066, 4775). There is size stratification with depth both day and night (Ref. 4775).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00250 - 0.01151), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .