Pangasianodon gigas  Chevey, 1931

Mekong giant catfish
Envoyez vos Photos et vidéos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins | Images Google
Image of Pangasianodon gigas (Mekong giant catfish)
Pangasianodon gigas
Picture by Jean-Francois Helias / Fishing Adventures Thailand

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Pangasiidae (Shark catfishes)
Etymology: Pangasianodon: The Vietnamese name of a fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; potamodrome (Ref. 51243).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: endemic to the Mekong basin where it has become rare due to overexploitation. International trade banned (CITES I, since 1.7.1975; CMS Appendix I).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 30857); 235.0 cm SL (female); poids max. publié: 350.0 kg (Ref. 43281)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 2; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 7-8; Rayons mous anaux: 35; Vertèbres: 48. Body without stripes; posterior nostril located near anterior nostril; 7 branched dorsal-fin rays; gill rakers rudimentary or absent; fins grey, never black (Ref. 12693). The center of the eye above the horizontal line through the mouth angle in juveniles; eye totally below the level of mouth angle in subadults and adults. The maxillary and mandibulary pairs of barbels well developed in juveniles; mandibulary barbels become rudimentary in subadults and adults (Ref. 9448). Gigantic size; oral teeth and gill rakers present in small juveniles, absent at about 30-50 cm SL; dorsal, pelvic and pectoral fins without filamentous extensions (Ref. 43281). Distinguished from other large catfish in the Mekong by its lack of teeth and the almost complete absence of barbels (Ref. 2686)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

A migratory species (Ref. 37772) which occurs in medium to large-sized rivers (Ref. 12975). Feeds on detritus and algae on the bottom (Ref. 58784); feeds only on vegetation in the river but takes other food in captivity; little is known on its general pattern of life and migratory journeys for spawning (Ref. 2686). Shows one of the fastest growth rates of any fish in the world, reaching 150 to 200 kg in 6 years (Ref. 12693). Cited in the Guinness Book of Records as largest freshwater fish (Ref. 6472). Marketed fresh (Ref. 12693). Maximum length of 300 cm needs confirmation. Threatened due to over harvesting and habitat loss (Ref. 58490).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Roberts, T.R. and C. Vidthayanon, 1991. Systematic revision of the Asian catfish family Pangasiidae, with biological observations and descriptions of three new species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 143:97-144. (Ref. 7432)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; Aquaculture: expérimental
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

Articles particuliers

Télécharger en XML

Sources Internet

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish |
Fatal error: Call to undefined function getOtolith() in /var/www/Summary/SpeciesSummary.php on line 1724