Scophthalmus rhombus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Brill
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Scophthalmus rhombus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scophthalmus rhombus
Female picture by Giragosov, V.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Scophthalmidae (Turbots)
Etymology: Scophthalmus: Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish + Greek, ophthalmos = eyes (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 5 - 50 m (Ref. 6302).   Temperate; 68°N - 30°N, 25°W - 42°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: 68°N to Morocco. Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Also known throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 41 cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 3397); publicerad maxvikt: 8.0 kg (Ref. 35388); rapporterad maxålder: 6 år (Ref. 38118)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Thinner and more slender body. Skin with small, smooth scales, without bony tubercle. Able to change color of the eyed side, matching the bottom they rest on. Color is often olive green, with dark and light spots (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Lives on sandy or mixed bottoms; feeds on bottom-living fishes and larger crustaceans. Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell; sportfisk: ja
FAO(Vattenbruk: produktion; fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.4 - 19.5, mean 11.2 (based on 472 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5645   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00877 - 0.01372), b=3.01 (2.94 - 3.08), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 69278):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (tm=-5; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.