Danio rerio  (Hamilton, 1822)

Zebra danio
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Image of Danio rerio (Zebra danio)
Danio rerio
Male picture by Noren, M.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Danio: Vernacular name fron India and Sri Lanka .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; agua dulce bentopelágico; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 1672); 33°N - 8°N, 66°E - 98°E

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar (Ref. 41236). Reported from Bhutan (Ref. 40882). Appearance in Colombian waters presumably by escape from an aquarium fish rearing facility (Ref. 1739).

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 2.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 41236)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Vértebra: 31 - 32. Five uniformly, pigmented, horizontal stripes on the side of the body, all extending onto the end of caudal fin rays. Anal fin distinctively striped. Lateral line absent. Rostral barbels extend to anterior margin of orbit; maxillary barbels end at about middle of opercle. Branched anal fin rays 10-12. Vertebrae 31-32.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit streams, canals, ditches, ponds and beels (Ref. 1479). Occur in slow-moving to stagnant standing water bodies, particularly rice-fields (Ref. 4832); and lower reaches of streams (Ref. 58912). Common in rivulets at foot hills (Ref. 41236). Feed on worms and small crustaceans (Ref. 7020); also on insect larvae. Breed all year round (Ref. 58913). Appears to be primarily an annual species in the wild, the spawning season starting just before the onset of the monsoon (Ref. 72224). Domesticated zebrafish live on average 3.5 years, with oldest individuals surviving up to 5.5 years (Ref. 58923). Spawning is induced by temperature and commences at the onset of the monsoon season (Ref. 58913). Food availability also acts as cue for breeding (Ref. 58913). Growth rate is a vital guiding environmental factor for sexual differentiation for this species as observed in a study (Ref. 58948). In this same study, frequency and amount of food prior to and throughout gonadal differentiation period resulted in more individuals differentiating to become females and is more pronounced in hybrid than pure bred groups (Ref. 58948). Often used for mosquito control (Ref 6351). Popular for aquarium purposes (Ref. 44325). Used as a model system (=organism) for developmental biology (Ref. 47810). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Breed all year round (Ref. 58931). From Johnson (1932), 'a female never extrudes eggs during active courtship until the genital organ comes in contact with that of the male, whereupon a small stream of eggs is ejected' (Ref. 205). Violent dashing and chasing characterise courtship finally culminating in eggs being shed a few at a time, settling freely without adhering to the bottom surface (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: sin interés; Acuario: muy comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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heritabilidad
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00324 - 0.01618), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resiliencia (Ref. 69278):  Alto, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo inferior a 15 meses (tmax=5.5 (in captivity); tm<1; multiple spawning per year; Fec=400-500).
Prior r = 0.9, 2 SD range = 0.29 - 2.75, log(r) = -0.11, SD log(r) = 0.56, Based on: 2 K, 3 tgen, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .