Sarpa salpa  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Salema
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sarpa salpa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sarpa salpa (Salema)
Sarpa salpa
Picture by Patzner, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sarpa: Spanish, sarpo, sapo = toad; a toad-fish (1753) (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser benthopelagisch; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 5 - 70 m (Ref. 3688).   Subtropical; 45°N - 40°S, 26°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Strait of Gibraltar to Sierra Leone, including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde; Congo to South Africa. Also present in the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 16.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 3397); common length : 30.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4781)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 11 - 12; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 14-17; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 13 - 15. Black spot at the pectoral fin base. Body relatively slender with 10 golden longitudinal stripes (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found over rocky substrates and sandy area with algal growth. Gregarious, sometimes forming sizeable schools. Young mainly carnivorous on crustaceans, adults almost exclusively herbivorous (Ref. 4781), feed on seaweeds (Ref. 36731). Protandric hermaphrodite (Ref. 4781). Tasty when fresh, but easily softens and is not much esteemed (Ref. 3198).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

A monandric species (Ref. 55367). Sex change occurs at 25.0 cm TL and 3.75 years of age (Ref. 55367). Conflicting descriptions of the reproductive style of this species have been reported, including possible gonochorism (Ref. 103751). Also Ref. 28504.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja; Köder: occasionally
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01124 - 0.01411), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (tmax=15; tm=2; K=0.20-.027;).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.