Sarpa salpa  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Salema
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sarpa salpa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sarpa salpa (Salema)
Sarpa salpa
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sarpa: Spanish, sarpo, sapo = toad; a toad-fish (1753) (Ref. 45335).

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut; payau bentopelagis; oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 5 - 70 m (Ref. 3688).   Subtropical; 45°N - 40°S, 26°W - 36°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay and Strait of Gibraltar to Sierra Leone, including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde; Congo to South Africa. Also present in the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 16.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 3397); common length : 30.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 4781)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 11 - 12; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 14-17; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 13 - 15. Black spot at the pectoral fin base. Body relatively slender with 10 golden longitudinal stripes (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Found over rocky substrates and sandy area with algal growth. Gregarious, sometimes forming sizeable schools. Young mainly carnivorous on crustaceans, adults almost exclusively herbivorous (Ref. 4781), feed on seaweeds (Ref. 36731). Protandric hermaphrodite (Ref. 4781). Tasty when fresh, but easily softens and is not much esteemed (Ref. 3198).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

A monandric species (Ref. 55367). Sex change occurs at 25.0 cm TL and 3.75 years of age (Ref. 55367). Conflicting descriptions of the reproductive style of this species have been reported, including possible gonochorism (Ref. 103751). Also Ref. 28504.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; umpan: occasionally
FAO(Perikanan: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01124 - 0.01411), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (tmax=15; tm=2; K=0.20-.027;).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.