Pterois miles (Bennett, 1828)
Devil firefish
Pterois miles
photo by Patzner, R.

Family:  Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes), subfamily: Pteroinae
Max. size:  35 cm SL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 25 - 85 m
Distribution:  Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf (Ref.80050) and Red Sea south to Port Alfred, South Africa and east to Sumatra, Indonesia (Ref. 33390). Atlantic Ocean. Also known in eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 37421).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 13-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 6-7. Reddish to tan or grey in color, with numerous thin dark bars on body and head; tentacle above eye may be faintly banded (Ref. 4313). Adults have a band of small spines along the cheek and small spots in the median fins (Ref. 48635). Description: Characterized by having each dorsal spine free of membrane except basally; enlarged and wing-like pectoral fins with rays free of membrane on outer one-half to three-fourths, all rays unbranched; body depth 2.7-2.9 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Biology:  Lives in coastal waters in muddy habitats (Ref. 48635). Fin spines highly venomous, may cause human death (Ref. 30573).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (Ref. 115185)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Torres, Armi G. - 13.04.93
Modified by: Reyes, Rodolfo B. - 12.10.15

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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