Ecology of Sarpa salpa
Main Ref. van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.), 1991
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Sarpa salpa may be found.
Remarks Found over rocky substrates and sandy area with algal growth. Gregarious, sometimes forming sizeable schools. Young mainly carnivorous on crustaceans, adults almost exclusively herbivorous (Ref. 4781), feeds on seaweeds (Ref. 36731). The Rhodophyta seem to be the most important component in the diet (59.6%), followed by Phaeophyta (24.8%) and Chlorophyta (15.8%) (Ref. 41885).


Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rocky;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.


Associated with
Association remarks


Feeding type mainly plants/detritus (troph. 2-2.19)
Feeding type ref van der Elst, R.P. and F. Adkin (eds.), 1991
Feeding habit grazing on aquatic plants
Feeding habit ref Antolic, B., B. Skaramuca, A. Span, D. Musin and J. Sanko-Njire, 1994
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 Troph of juv./adults from 2 studies.
Ref. Verlaque, M., 1985
From individual food items 2.14 0.14 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita on 03.16.97
Modified by Pablico, Grace Tolentino on 12.12.06
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