List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Uruguay
n = 277
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Table 1: 261 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 12 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 4 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 277 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 261 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Characiformes Anostomidae Abramites hypselonotusnative Marbled headstander  
Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser baeriiintroduced Siberian sturgeon Esturión siberiano 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus inermisnative Manduba Manduví 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus militarisnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus cirrhosusnative Jumbie teta Vieja de agua 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus hoplogenysnative  Catfish 
Characiformes Parodontidae Apareiodon affinisnative Darter characine Virolo 
Characiformes Characidae Aphyocharax anisitsinative Bloodfin tetra Colita colorada 
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma commbraenative Corumba cichlid Apistograma 
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Apteronotus albifronsnative Black ghost  
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Apteronotus brasiliensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax abramisnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax eigenmanniorumnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax fasciatusnative Banded astyanax Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax jacuhiensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax stenohalinusnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax taeniatusnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus nigripinnisnative  Catfish 
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros charruanative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros facetusnative Chameleon cichlid Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros minuanonative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Australoheros scitulusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias affinisnative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias alexandrinative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias arachannative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias bellottiinative Argentine pearlfish Cinolebia 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias cheradophilusendemic  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias cinereusnative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias duraznensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias gymnoventrisnative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias luteoflammulatusnative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias melanoorusnative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias nigripinnisnative Blackfin pearlfish Cinolebia 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias nioninative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias periodicusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias prognathusendemic  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias quirogainative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias reichertinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias vazferreirainative  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias viariusendemic  Killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Austrolebias wolterstorffinative  Killifish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Bergiaria platananative  Bagre picudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Bergiaria westermanninative  Bagre picudo 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus bombillanative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus brevirostrisnative Bluntnose knifefish  
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus draconative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus gauderionative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusnative   
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon orbignyanusnative  Pirapitá 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus iheringiinative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus stramineusnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus coracoideusnative Guitarrita Guitarrita 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus doriaenative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Callichthys callichthysnative Cascarudo Cascarudo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish  
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium jenynsiinative  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Catathyridium lorentziinative  Lenguado 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus undecimalisnative Common snook  
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis gobioidesnative   
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium fasciatumnative Darter characin Mariposita 
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium rachoviinative  Mariposita 
Characiformes Characidae Charax stenopterusnative  Glass headstander 
Characiformes Characidae Cheirodon ibicuhiensisnative  Mojarrita 
Characiformes Characidae Cheirodon interruptusnative Uruguay tetra Mojarrita 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichlasoma pusillumnative  Castañeta 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Cnesterodon decemmaculatusnative Ten spotted live-bearer Madrecita 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Cnesterodon holopterosnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras aeneusnative Bronze corydoras Doradillo 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras hastatusnative Dwarf corydoras Doradillo 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras paleatusnative Peppered corydoras Chavito 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras undulatusnative  Catfish 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla celidochilusnative  Pike cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla lacustrisnative  Pike cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla lepidotanative Pike cichlid Cabeza amarga 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla punctatanative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla scottiinative  Pike cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla vittatanative  Pike cichlid 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp  
Characiformes Characidae Cyanocharax alburnusnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Cyanocharax uruguayensisnative  Tetra 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynopoecilus melanotaenianative  Killifish 
Characiformes Characidae Cynopotamus argenteusnative  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax platanusnative  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax spilotusnative  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax voganative  Characin 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Carpa 
Characiformes Characidae Diapoma speculiferumnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Diapoma terofalinative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Ectrepopterus uruguayensisnative  Tetra 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia trilineatanative  Señorita 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia virescensnative Glass knifefish Señorita 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus gulanative Jenny mojarra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Galeocharax humeralisnative  Dientudo 
Siluriformes Ariidae Genidens planifronsnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus brasiliensisnative Pearl cichlid Castañeta 
Petromyzontiformes Geotriidae Geotria australisnative Pouched lamprey Lamprea 
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres cinereusnative Yellow fin mojarra Mojarra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobionellus oceanicusnative Highfin goby  
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus australisnative Uruguayan eartheater Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus balzaniinative Argentine humphead Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus gymnogenysnative Smooth-cheek eartheater Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus labiatusnative Earth eater Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus meridionalisnative  Earth eater 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus rhabdotusnative Stripefin eartheater Castañeta 
Perciformes Cichlidae Gymnogeophagus tiraparaenative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus caraponative Banded knifefish Carapo 
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus omarorumnative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Heptapterus mustelinusnative  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Heterocheirodon jacuiensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Heterocheirodon yatainative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus charruanative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus maculipinnisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus nigricaudanative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus ringueletinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hisonotus taimensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hollandichthys multifasciatusnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Homodiaetus anisitsinative  Chupa-chupa 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatusnative Aimara  
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias australisnative   
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias lacerdaenative  Giant trahira 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias malabaricusnative Trahira Tararira 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Hoplosternum littoralenative Atipa Cascarudo 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon anisitsinative Buenos Aires tetra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon bifasciatusnative Yellow tetra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon boulengerinative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon equesnative Jewel tetra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon luetkeniinative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon meridionalisnative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon reticulatusnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus alatusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus aspilogasternative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus auroguttatusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus borelliinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus commersoninative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus laplataenative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus luteomaculatusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus microstomusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus punctatusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus reganinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus ternetzinative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Iheringichthys labrosusnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Ituglanis australisnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Ituglanis eichorniarumnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia lineatanative Onesided livebearer Overito 
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia multidentatanative Rio de la Plata onesided livebearer Overito 
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Jenynsia oncanative   
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus acutidensnative   
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus fasciatusnative Banded leporinus Boga 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus obtusidensnative  Characin 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus striatusnative  Characin 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricaria apeltogasternative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys anusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys labialisnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricariichthys maculatusnative  Catfish 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Lycengraulis grossidensnative Atlantic sabretooth anchovy Anchoita 
Characiformes Characidae Macropsobrycon uruguayanaenative  Mojarrita 
Characiformes Characidae Markiana nigripinnisnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Megalancistrus parananusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Megalonema platanumnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Microglanis cottoidesnative  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Mimagoniates inequalisnative Croaking tetra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia dichrouranative Bandtail tetra Mojarra 
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenaenative Redeye tetra Mojarra 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil lizanative Lebranche mullet Lisa 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Mylossoma duriventrenative  Pacusito 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes argentinensisnative   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes bonariensisnative Argentinian silverside Pejerrey 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes humensisnative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes incisanative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes mirinensisnative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes orientalisnative   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes perugiaenative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes platensisnative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes retropinnisnative  Silverside 
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Odontesthes smittinative  Silverside 
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe microcephalanative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe pequiranative  Tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus hepsetusnative  Pike characin 
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus jenynsiinative  Pike characin 
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus oligolepisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Oligosarcus platensisnative  Tetra 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus arnoldinative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Oxydoras knerinative  Catfish 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pachypops fourcroinative Guyanan croaker Morralla 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pachyurus bonariensisnative La Plata croaker Corvina de rió 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Paraloricaria commersonoidesnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Paraloricaria vetulanative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Parapimelodus valenciennisnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Parastegophilus maculatusnative  Chupa-chupa 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Paravandellia oxypteranative Pantanal parasitic catfish Chupa-chupa 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona flavipinnisnative Yellowfin river pellona Sardina 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloceros caudimaculatusnative Dusky millions fish Madrecita 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phalloptychus januariusnative  Madrecita 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Piaractus brachypomusnative Pirapitinga Pacú 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Piaractus mesopotamicusnative Pacu  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella gracilisnative Graceful pimelodella Bagrecito 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella laticepsnative  Bagrecito 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus albicansnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus brevisnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus maculatusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus pintadonative   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Plagioscion ternetzinative Freshwater croaker Corvina de rió 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Platanichthys platananative River Plate sprat Sardina 
Siluriformes Doradidae Platydoras armatulusnative Southern striped raphael  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia viviparanative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Potamorhina squamoralevisnative  Characin 
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon brachyuranative Short-tailed river stingray  
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon hystrixnative Porcupine river stingray Chucho de río 
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Potamotrygon motoronative South American freshwater stingray Chucho de río 
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Prochilodus lineatusnative Streaked prochilod Sábalo 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudocorynopoma doriaenative Dragonfin tetra Mojarra aletuda 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pseudohemiodon devincenziinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Pseudopimelodus mangurusnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma corruscansnative Spotted sorubim Surubí 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma reticulatumnative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Pterodoras granulosusnative Granulated catfish Armado 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys anisitsinative Snow pleco Vieja de agua 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Pygocentrus nattererinative Red piranha Palometa de rio 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Ramnogaster melanostomanative Uruguay river sprat Sardina 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdella jenynsiinative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelennative South American catfish Bagre negro 
Gymnotiformes Rhamphichthyidae Rhamphichthys rostratusnative   
Characiformes Cynodontidae Rhaphiodon vulpinusnative Biara Chafalote 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rhinelepis asperanative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Doradidae Rhinodoras dorbignyinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ricola macropsnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria baliolanative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria felipponeinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria isaacinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria limanative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria pareiacanthanative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria thrissocepsnative  Catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides descalvadensisnative Parana scale-eating characin  
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides microlepisnative  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides prognathusnative  Dientudo jorobado 
Characiformes Bryconidae Salminus brasiliensisnative Dorado Pirayú 
Characiformes Anostomidae Schizodon fasciatusnative  Characin 
Characiformes Anostomidae Schizodon plataenative  Characin 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Scleromystax macropterusnative Sailfin corydoras Doradillo 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Scleronema angustirostrenative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Scleronema minutumnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Scleronema operculatumnative  Chupa-chupa 
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus calliurusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Serrapinnus piabanative  Tetra 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus maculatusnative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus marginatusnative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus rhombeusnative Redeye piranha Piraña 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim limanative Duckbill catfish Cucharón 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Spatuloricaria nudiventrisnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Steindachneridion scriptumnative  Catfish 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina biornatanative  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina brevipinnanative  Characin 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina conspersanative   
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratusnative Marbled swamp eel Anguila 
Characiformes Characidae Tetragonopterus argenteusnative   
Characiformes Gasteropelecidae Thoracocharax stellatusnative Spotfin hatchetfish Pechito 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus albicruxnative  Torito 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus striatulusnative Singing catfish Torito 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus teagueinative  Torito 
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus paranensisnative Tetra Mojarra 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Zungaro zungaronative Gilded catfish Manguruyú amarillo 
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