List of Freshwater Fishes reported from South Africa
n = 186
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Table 1: 180 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 3 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 3 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 186 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 180 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berdanative Goldsilk seabream Slimjannie 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus vagusnative Wandering seabream Wandering seabream 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis ambassisnative Commerson's glassy Langstekel-glasvis 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis natalensisnative Slender glassy Slank glasvis 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenianative Banded-tail glassy perchlet  
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius natalensisnative Natal mountain catfish Natalse bergbaber 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius uranoscopusnative Stargazer mountain catfish Gewone bergbaber 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolornative Indonesian shortfin eel Kortvin-paling 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla labiatanative African mottled eel Afrika-bontpaling 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmoratanative Giant mottled eel Reus-bontpaling 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla mossambicanative African longfin eel Geelbekpaling 
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Atherina brevicepsnative Cape silverside Kaapse spierinkie 
Siluriformes Austroglanididae Austroglanis barnardiendemic Barnard's rock-catfish Barnard se klipbaber 
Siluriformes Austroglanididae Austroglanis gilliendemic Clanwilliam catfish Clanwilliam-klipbaber 
Siluriformes Austroglanididae Austroglanis sclaterinative Rock-catfish Klipbaber 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous aeneofuscusnative Freshwater goby Varswater-dikkop 
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus imberinative Spot-tail Imberi 
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus lateralisnative Stripped robber Streep-rower 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish Goudvis 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark Bulhaai 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Chelon richardsoniinative South African mullet Suidelike harder 
Perciformes Cichlidae Chetia brevisnative Orange-fringed largemouth Oranjerand-kurper 
Perciformes Cichlidae Chetia flaviventrisnative Canary kurper Kanariekurper 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis anoterusnative Pennant-tailed suckermouth Wimpelstert-suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis bifurcusnative Incomati suckermouth Inkomati-suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis emarginatusnative Phongolo suckermouth Phongolo-suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis paratusnative Sawfin suckermouth Saagvin-suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis pretoriaenative Shortspine suckermouth Kortstekel-suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis swierstrainative Lowveld suckermouth Laeveldse suierbekkie 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusnative North African catfish Bavhuri 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias ngamensisnative Blunt-toothed African catfish Stomptandbaber 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias theodoraenative Snake catfish Slangbaber 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon rendallinative Redbreast tilapia Rooiborskurper 
Perciformes Gobiidae Coryogalops williamnative Kaalpens goby Kaalpens-dikkop 
Perciformes Gobiidae Croilia mossambicanative Burrowing goby Kaal-dikkop 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp Graskarp 
Perciformes Anabantidae Ctenopoma multispinenative Manyspined ctenopoma Stekelrige kurper 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Kapa 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris fuscanative Dusky sleeper Donker slaper 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris mauritiananative Widehead sleeper Wyekop-slaper 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris melanosomanative Broadhead sleeper Breëkop-slaper 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Engraulicypris brevianalisnative River sardine Riviersardyn 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Engraulicypris gariepinusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius afrohamiltoninative Hamilton's barb Dik-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius amatolicusnative Amatola barb Amatola-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius annectensnative Broadstriped barb Breëstreep-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius anoplusnative Chubbyhead barb Dikkop-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius argenteusnative Rosefin barb Roosvlerk-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius bifrenatusnative Hyphen barb Skakel-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius brevipinnisnative Shortfin barb Kortvlerk-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius eutaenianative Orangefin barb Oranjevlerk-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius gurneyinative Redtail barb Rooistert-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius lineomaculatusnative Line-spotted barb Lynkol-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius motebensisnative Marico barb Marico-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius neefinative Sidespot barb Sykol-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius pallidusnative Goldie barb Goud-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius paludinosusnative Straightfin barb Lynvin of Moeras-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius radiatusnative Redeye barb Beira-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius toppininative East Coast barb Ooskus-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius treurensisendemic Treur barb Treurrivier-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius trimaculatusnative Threespot barb Driekol-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius unitaeniatusnative Slender barb Langbaard-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius viviparusnative Bowstripe barb Boogstreep-ghieliemientjie 
Perciformes Gobiidae Favonigobius reicheinative Indo-Pacific tropical sand goby Tropiese sand-dikkop 
Osmeriformes Galaxiidae Galaxias zebratusendemic Cape galaxias Kaapse galaxias 
Siluriformes Ariidae Galeichthys felicepsnative White barbel Wit seebaber 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres filamentosusnative Whipfin silver-biddy Sweepvin-plooibek 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Gilchristella aestuarianative Gilchrist's round herring Rivier-rondeharing 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius callidusnative  River goby 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giurisnative Tank goby Tenk-dikkop 
Characiformes Alestidae Hemigrammopetersius barnardinative Barnard's robber Barnard se rower 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys heptagonusnative Belly pipefish Boepens-pypvis 
Characiformes Alestidae Hydrocynus vittatusnative Tiger fish Tiervis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp Silwerkarp 
Perciformes Eleotridae Hypseleotris cyprinoidesnative Tropical carp-gudgeon Goue slaper 
Gonorynchiformes Kneriidae Kneria auriculatanative Airbreathing shellear Suidelike skulpoortjie 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia rupestrisnative Rock flagtail Klip-vlagstert 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo capensisnative Orange river mudfish Oranjerivier-moddervis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo congoronative Purple labeo Bronspikkel-labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo cylindricusnative Redeye labeo Gukhuna tombo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo molybdinusnative Leaden labeo Kuluta 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rosaenative  Rednose labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rubromaculatusendemic Tugela labeo Tugela-moddervis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo ruddinative Silver labeo Silwer-moddervis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo seeberiendemic Clanwilliam sandfish Clanwilliam-sandvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo umbratusnative Moggel Moggel 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus aeneusnative Smallmouth yellowfish Kleinbek-geelvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus kimberleyensisnative Largemouth yellowfish Grootbek-geelvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus marequensisnative Largescale yellowfish Grootskub-geelvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus natalensisnative Scaly Natalse geelvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus nelspruitensisnative Incomati chiselmouth Inkomati-beitelbek 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus polylepisnative Smallscale yellowfish Kleinskub-geelvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus seeberinative Clanwilliam yellowfish Clanwilliam geelvis 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola katangaenative Striped topminnow Streeplampogie 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola myaposaeendemic Natal topminnow Natalse lampogie 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis cyanellusintroduced Green sunfish  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirusintroduced Bluegill Blouwang-sonvis 
Siluriformes Malapteruridae Malapterurus shirensisnative  Zambezi electric catfish 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius caudisquamatusendemic   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius krameriendemic   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius macrolepidotusnative Bulldog Snawelvis 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius pongolensisnative   
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoidesnative Indo-Pacific tarpon Osoog-tarpon 
Characiformes Alestidae Micralestes acutidensnative Sharptooth tetra Khovhenduhu 
Perciformes Anabantidae Microctenopoma intermediumnative  Blackspot climbing perch 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax hutereauinative Meshscaled topminnow Tralielampogie 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax johnstoninative Johnston's topminnow Johnston se lampogie 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurusnative Short-tailed pipefish Kortstert-pypvis 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis fluviatilisnative Freshwater pipefish Varswater-pypvis 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis millepunctatusnative Shorttail pipefish Opossum pipefish 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus dolomieuintroduced Smallmouth bass Kleinbek-baars 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus punctulatusintroduced Spotted bass  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoidesintroduced Largemouth black bass Grootbek-baars 
Perciformes Moronidae Morone saxatilisintroduced Striped bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet Platkop-harder 
Perciformes Gobiidae Mugilogobius durbanensisnative Durban goby Durban-dikkop 
Perciformes Gobiidae Mugilogobius mertoninative Chequered mangrove goby Slinger-dikkop 
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius orthonotusnative Spotted killifish Spikkel-kuilvissie 
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius pienaarinative   
Perciformes Blenniidae Omobranchus feroxnative Gossamer blenny Spinnerak-blennie 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout ReĆ«nboogforel 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsaridium peringueyinative Southern barred minnow Suidelike balkghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsaridium zambezensenative Barred minnow Balkghieliemientjie 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis andersoniiintroduced Three spotted tilapia Driekolkurper 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureusintroduced Blue tilapia Israelse tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusnative Mozambique tilapia Blou kurper 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis placidusnative Black tilapia  
Perciformes Gobiidae Pandaka silvananative Dwarfgoby Dwergdikkop 
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Pastinachus sephennative Cowtail stingray Veerstert-pylstert 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchelanative Indian pellona Indiese pellona 
Perciformes Percidae Perca fluviatilisintroduced European perch  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus catostomanative Churchill Netsenetse 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus wesselsinative Southern Churchill Southern Churchill 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boronative Rice-paddy eel Strandmeer-slangpaling 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza macrolepisnative Largescale mullet Grootskub-harder 
Siluriformes Plotosidae Plotosus nkunganative Stinging eel catfish Baberpaling 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulataintroduced Guppy Guppie 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis microdonnative Largetooth sawfish Groottand-saagvis 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis zijsronnative Longcomb sawfish Langkam-saagvis 
Lepidosireniformes Protopteridae Protopterus annectensnative West African lungfish Longvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus aferendemic Eastern Cape redfin Oos-Kaapse rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus asperendemic Smallscale redfin Kleinskub-rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus burchelliendemic Burchell's redfin Burchell se rooilerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus burginative Berg redfin Bergrivier-rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus calidusendemic Clanwilliam redfin Clanwilliam-rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus capensisendemic Cape whitefish Witvis 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus erubescensendemic Twee redfin Tweerivier-rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus hospesnative Namaquab barb Namakwa-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus phlegethonendemic Fiery redfin Vurige rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus senticepsendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus serraendemic Sawfin Saagvin 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus skeltoniendemic Giant redfin Giant redfin 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus swartziendemic Gamtoos redfin Gamtoos redfin 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus tenuisendemic Slender redfin Slank rooivlerkie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus trevelyaniendemic Border barb Grens-ghieliemientjie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudobarbus verloreniendemic Verlorenvlei redfin Verlorenvlei rooivlerkie 
Perciformes Cichlidae Pseudocrenilabrus philandernative Southern mouthbrooder Jafrou 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Pseudomyxus capensisendemic Freshwater mullet Varswater-harder 
Perciformes Gobiidae Redigobius bikolanusnative Speckled goby Grootbek-dikkop 
Perciformes Gobiidae Redigobius dewaalinative Checked goby Blokkies-dikkop 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo truttaintroduced Sea trout Bruinforel 
Perciformes Anabantidae Sandelia bainsiiendemic Rocky kurper Oos-kaapse kurper 
Perciformes Anabantidae Sandelia capensisendemic Cape kurper Kaapse kurper 
Perciformes Scatophagidae Scatophagus tetracanthusnative Scatty Skattie 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe intermediusnative Silver catfish Tshihoko 
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis jallaeintroduced Nembwe Nembwe 
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis meridianusnative Lowveld largemouth Laeveld-kurper 
Perciformes Gobiidae Silhouettea sibayiendemic Barebreast goby Kaalbors-dikkop 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius kenyaenative Africa rivergoby Afrika rivierdikkop 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Strophidon sathetenative Slender giant moray Slank reuse bontpaling 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis macrostigmanative Largespot squeaker Grootvlek-skreeubaber 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis nigromaculatusnative Blackspotted squeaker Spikkel-skreeubaber 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis zambezensisnative Plain squeaker Bruin skreeubaber 
Perciformes Gobiidae Taenioides jacksoniendemic Bearded eelgoby Bebaarde palingdikkop 
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbuanative Jarbua terapon Doringvis 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia sparrmaniinative Banded tilapia Ghetla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tinca tincaintroduced Tench Seelt 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus helleriiintroduced Green swordtail Swaardstert 
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