List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Rwanda
(landlocked)

n = 81
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Table 1: 77 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 2 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 2 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 81 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 77 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acapoeta tanganicaenative  Mbaraga 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius jacksoniinative Marbled mountain catfish Marbled mountain catfish 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius kivuensisnative   
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius ruziziensisnative   
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius uranoscopusnative Stargazer mountain catfish Ishonzi 
Perciformes Cichlidae Astatoreochromis alluaudinative Alluaud's haplo Ifuro 
Perciformes Cichlidae Astatotilapia burtoninative  Burton's haplo 
Siluriformes Bagridae Bagrus docmaknative Semutundu  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus jacksoniinative Victoria robber Ikiraba 
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus macrolepidotusnative True big-scale tetra  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus sadlerinative Sadler's robber Ikiraba 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis asymetricaudalisnative  Longtail suckermouth 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis ruziziensisnative  Rusizi suckermouth 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusnative North African catfish Ishonzi 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias liocephalusnative Smoothhead catfish Isombe 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon rendalliintroduced Redbreast tilapia Induwe 
Perciformes Cichlidae Ctenochromis horeinative  Hore's haplo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp Grass carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Inkuyu 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius apleurogrammanative East African red finned barb Imisege 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius cercopsnative Luambwa barb Ikinanga 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius eutaenianative Orangefin barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius kersteniinative Redspot barb Imisege 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius lineomaculatusnative Line-spotted barb Ijembe 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius mohasicusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius neumayerinative Neumayer's barb Ubuhenza 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius nyanzaenative Nyanza barb Ikinanga 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius paludinosusnative Straightfin barb Ikinanga 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius pellegrininative Pellegrin's barb Imisege 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra dembeensisnative Dembea stone lapper Dembea stone lapper 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Gnathonemus longibarbisnative Longnose stonebasher Cyumbi 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis adolphifredericinative  Friedrich's Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis astatodonnative  Regan's Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis crebridensnative  Sky-blue Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis erythromaculatusendemic  Bulera haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis graciliornative  Boulenger's Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis grauerinative  Grauer's Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis insidiaenative  Snoeks' Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis kamiranzovunative  Kamiranzovu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis microchrysomelasnative  Orange tail Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis nigroidesnative  Pellegrin's Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis occultidensnative  Paedophagous Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis olivaceusnative  Olive Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis paucidensnative  Trimorphic Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis rubescensnative  Red Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis scheffersinative  Scheffers' Kivu haplo 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis vittatusnative  Striped Kivu haplo 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Hippopotamyrus grahaminative Graham's stonebasher Cyumi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp Chinese carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo victorianusnative Ningu Iningu 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus acuticepsnative  Matthes' barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus altianalisnative Ripon barbel Umusege 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus claudinaenative  Claudine's barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus leleupanusnative  Leleup's carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus platystomusendemic Rwandese carp Inshurezi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus ruandaenative  Rwandese carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus ruasaeendemic  Rwasa barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus somereninative  Someren's barb 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola centralisnative Cental east african lampeye Cental east african lampeye 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola pumilusnative Tanganyika lampeye  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Limnothrissa miodonintroduced Lake Tanganyika sardine Agahuza 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius victoriaenative Victoria stonebasher Imbaraga 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus frenatusnative Longtail spiny eel Umukungwe 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus kannumenative Elephant-snout fish Kasurabana 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis esculentusintroduced Singida tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis leucostictusintroduced  Blue spotted tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis macrochirintroduced Longfin tilapia Igihwati 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mweruensisintroduced  Mweru tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusnative Nile tilapia Igihonda 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus catostomanative Churchill Imbaraga 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Pollimyrus nigricansnative Dark stonebasher Imbaraga 
Lepidosireniformes Protopteridae Protopterus aethiopicusintroduced Marbled lungfish Mamba 
Perciformes Cichlidae Pseudocrenilabrus multicolornative Egyptian mouth-brooder Ifuro 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Raiamas mooriinative Lake Rukwa minnow Umukenya 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe intermediusnative Silver catfish Injera 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis afrofischerinative Fischer's Victoria squeaker Inkoronko 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis ruandaenative  Rwanda ruandae 
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