List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Nepal
(landlocked)

n = 237
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Table 1: 200 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 35 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 2 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 237 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 200 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Acanthocobitis botianative Mottled loach Pate gadela 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Ailia coilanative Gangetic ailia Patanga 
Siluriformes Amblycipitidae Amblyceps mangoisnative Indian torrent catfish Baljung 
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas cobojiusnative Gangetic koi Kabai 
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas testudineusnative Climbing perch Kabai 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bengalensisnative Indian mottled eel Rajbam 
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus panchaxnative Blue panchax Tikuli 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aspidoparia jayanative Jaya Mara 
Perciformes Badidae Badis badisnative Badis Khesalei 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Bagarius bagariusnative Goonch Baghai 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Bagarius yarrellinative   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Balitora bruceinative Gray's stone loach Rock carp 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Balitora eddsinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Bangana arizanative Reba Rewa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Bangana deronative Kalabans Rohu 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbonymus gonionotusintroduced Silver barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius barilanative  Faketa chahale 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius bendelisisnative  Fageta 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius radiolatusnative Gunther's baril Chala 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius shacranative  Fakate 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barilius vagranative  Lam faketa 
Siluriformes Bagridae Batasio batasionative  Batasio 
Siluriformes Bagridae Batasio macronotusnative  Batasio 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Botia almorhaenative Almorha loach Baghae 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Botia histrionicanative Loach Loach 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Botia lohachatanative Reticulate loach Getu 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cabdio morarnative Morari Chakale 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Canthophrys gongotanative Gongota loach  
Perciformes Gobiidae Caragobius burmanicusnative Burmese geel goby Burmese geel goby 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish Goldfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassiusintroduced Crucian carp Rato machha 
Siluriformes Chacidae Chaca chacanative Squarehead catfish Pauwa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chagunius chagunionative Chaguni Patharchatti 
Perciformes Ambassidae Chanda namanative Elongate glass-perchlet Nata channa 
Perciformes Channidae Channa barcanative Barca snakehead Snakehead 
Perciformes Channidae Channa gachuanative   
Perciformes Channidae Channa maruliusnative Great snakehead Bhaura 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalisnative Walking snakehead Bhoti 
Perciformes Channidae Channa punctatanative Spotted snakehead Garai 
Perciformes Channidae Channa stewartiinative Assamese snakehead Hile 
Perciformes Channidae Channa striatanative Striped snakehead Saura 
Osteoglossiformes Notopteridae Chitala chitalanative Clown knifefish Moi patara 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus cirrhosusintroduced Mrigal carp Mrigal 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus mrigalanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus rebanative Reba carp Reba carp 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusintroduced North African catfish  
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Clupisoma garuanative Garua bachcha Jalkapur 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Clupisoma montananative  Jalkapoor 
Siluriformes Erethistidae Conta contanative Conta catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Crossocheilus latiusnative Stone roller Lohari 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp Ghase macha 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyclocheilichthys apogonintroduced Beardless barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinion semiplotumnative Assamese kingfish Khurpe 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Common carp 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Danio dangilanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Danio rerionative Zebra danio Zebra macha 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Daysciaena albidanative Bengal corvina Bhola 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Devario aequipinnatusnative Giant danio Bhitte 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Devario devarionative Sind danio Chitharipothi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Diptychus maculatusnative Scaly osman River trout 
Siluriformes Erethistidae Erethistoides ascitanative   
Siluriformes Erethistidae Erethistoides cavaturanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Esomus danricanative Flying barb Dedhawa 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Euchiloglanis kishinouyeinative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Eutropiichthys goongwareenative   
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Eutropiichthys muriusnative  Muriys vacha 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Eutropiichthys vachanative Batchwa vacha Bachora 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Exostoma labiatumnative Burmese bat catfish  
Siluriformes Sisoridae Gagata cenianative Indian gagata  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish Machar Machha 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra annandaleinative  Stone roller 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra gotylanative Sucker head Buduna 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra lamtanative  Stone sucker 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra mullyanative Sucker fish Mate buduna 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gibelion catlanative Catla Bhakur 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giurisnative Tank goby Bulla 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax annandaleinative  Kapre 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax botiusnative  Telcapre 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax cavianative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax conirostrisnative   
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax gracilisnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax indicusnative  Catfish 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax kashmirensisnative   
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax pectinopterusnative River cat River cat 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax telchittanative  Kotel 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Glyptothorax trilineatusnative Three-lined catfish Kabre 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Gogangra viridescensnative   
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Gudusia chapranative Indian river shad Suia 
Siluriformes Erethistidae Hara haranative  Tinkana 
Siluriformes Bagridae Hemibagrus menodanative Menoda catfish  
Siluriformes Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes fossilisnative Stinging catfish Singhi 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Homaloptera bilineatanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys nobilisintroduced Bighead carp  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus limbatusnative Congaturi halfbeak  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius coitornative Coitor croaker Bhola 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo angranative  Thed or Thaind 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo bataintroduced Bata Bata labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo boganative  Boga labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo calbasunative Orangefin labeo Basarhili 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo dyocheilusnative  Brahmaputra labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo fimbriatusnative Fringed-lipped peninsula carp Boi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo goniusnative Kuria labeo Gurdi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo pangusianative  Kalnacha 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rohitanative Roho labeo Rohu 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Laubuka laubucanative Indian glass barb Chalwa 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Leiodon cutcutianative Ocellated pufferfish Galphalani 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Lepidocephalichthys annandaleinative Annandale loach  
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Lepidocephalichthys goalparensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Lepidocephalichthys gunteanative Guntea loach Goira 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus aralnative One-stripe spinyeel Bami 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus lineatomaculatusnative   
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus pancalusnative Barred spiny eel Kathgainchi 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus zebrinusnative Zebra spiny eel Bam 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus armatusnative Zig-zag eel Chusi bam 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Megarasbora elanganative Bengala barb  
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Monopterus cuchianative Cuchia Bam 
Anguilliformes Moringuidae Moringua raitaboruanative Purple spaghetti-eel Purple spaghetti eel 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Myersglanis blythiiendemic Stone cat Stone cat 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus bleekerinative Day's mystus Tengra 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus cavasiusnative Gangetic mystus Junge 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus gulionative Long whiskers catfish  
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus tengaranative Tengara catfish Tenger 
Siluriformes Bagridae Mystus vittatusnative Striped dwarf catfish Tengra 
Perciformes Nandidae Nandus nandusnative Gangetic leaffish Dewan 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Nangra assamensisnative Koshi Nangra Befuni 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Nangra nangranative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Nemacheilus coricanative  Stone Loach 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Neoanguilla nepalensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Neolissochilus hexagonolepisnative Copper mahseer Katle 
Osteoglossiformes Notopteridae Notopterus notopterusnative Bronze featherback Golhai 
Siluriformes Siluridae Ompok bimaculatusnative Butter catfish Lalmuha chachara 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout Rainbow trout 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus rhodurusintroduced Japanese Amago Amago 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsarius barnanative  Titer kane faketa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsarius tileonative  Faketa 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusintroduced Mozambique tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Osteobrama cotionative  Gurda 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Pachypterus atherinoidesnative Indian potasi Jalkapur 
Siluriformes Pangasiidae Pangasius pangasiusnative Pangas catfish Jalkapoor 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Pangio pangianative  Pangia coolie-loach 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Parachiloglanis hodgartinative Torrent catfish Telcapre 
Perciformes Ambassidae Parambassis baculisnative Himalayan glassy perchlet Chanari 
Perciformes Ambassidae Parambassis ranganative Indian glassy fish Chanari 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pethia conchoniusnative Rosy barb Pothia sidre 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pethia geliusnative Golden barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pethia tictonative Ticto barb Darahi 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Physoschistura elongatanative  Siyae 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Pseudecheneis crassicaudanative   
Siluriformes Sisoridae Pseudecheneis eddsinative   
Siluriformes Sisoridae Pseudecheneis serraculanative  Kabre 
Siluriformes Sisoridae Pseudecheneis sulcatanative Sucker throat catfish Kabre 
Siluriformes Erethistidae Pseudolaguvia assulanative   
Siluriformes Erethistidae Pseudolaguvia kapurinative  Tinkantiya 
Siluriformes Erethistidae Pseudolaguvia ribeiroinative Painted catfish Tinkantiya 
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus balitoranative Balitora minnow  
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus homalopteranative Torrent stone carp Patharchati 
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus nepalensisnative   
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus nudithoracicusnative Rainbow minnow Spotted stone carp 
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus pseudecheneisendemic Nepalese minnow Titae 
Cypriniformes Psilorhynchidae Psilorhynchus sucationative River stone carp Titae 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius cholanative Swamp barb Pothi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Puntius sophorenative Pool barb Chandapothi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Raiamas bolanative Trout barb Bhola bola 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Raiamas guttatusnative Burmese trout Jalkapoor 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rasbora daniconiusnative Slender rasbora Dedua 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Rhinomugil corsulanative Corsula Karsul 
Siluriformes Bagridae Rita ritanative Rita Belaunda 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Salmostoma bacailanative Large razorbelly minnow Chilwa 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura beavaninative Creek loach Gadaula 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura multifasciatanative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura rupeculanative  Stone loach 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura savonanative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura scaturiginanative  Gadela 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax esocinusnative Chirruh snowtrout Mountain trout 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax labiatusnative Kunar snowtrout  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax macrophthalmusendemic Nepalese snowtrout  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax molesworthinative Blunt- nosed snowtrout Asla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax nepalensisnative  Asla 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax plagiostomusnative  Snow trout 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax progastusnative Dinnawah snowtrout Chuchhe Asala 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax raraensisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Schizothorax richardsoniinative Snowtrout Asala 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Setipinna phasanative Gangetic hairfin anchovy Gankabai 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Sicamugil cascasianative Yellowtail mullet  
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Silonia silondianative Silond catfish  
Siluriformes Sisoridae Sisor rabdophorusnative  Bistuiyaa 
Siluriformes Bagridae Sperata aornative Long-whiskered catfish Kanti 
Siluriformes Bagridae Sperata seenghalanative Giant river-catfish Tengra 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Systomus clavatusnative Stedman barb Bada Pothi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Systomus sarananative Olive barb Bada pothi 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tor chelynoidesnative Dark mahseer Karange 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tor putitoranative Putitor mahseer Mahaseer 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tor tornative Tor barb Sahar 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster chunanative Honey gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster fasciatanative Banded gourami Katara 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Turcinoemacheilus himalayanative   
Siluriformes Siluridae Wallago attunative Wallago Bohari 
Beloniformes Belonidae Xenentodon cancilanative Freshwater garfish Chuche bam 
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