List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Hong Kong
n = 59
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Table 1: 55 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 2 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 2 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 59 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 55 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla japonicanative Japanese eel Bat sin 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Balitora kwangsiensisnative  Sucker-belly loach 
Perciformes Gobiidae Brachyamblyopus brachysomanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusnative Goldfish Kam tsak 
Perciformes Channidae Channa asiaticanative Small snakehead San ban 
Perciformes Channidae Channa maculatanative Blotched snakehead  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chanodichthys erythropterusnative Predatory carp Bak ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus molitorellaintroduced Mud carp Leng ue 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias fuscusnative Hong Kong catfish Bak fu ue 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Coilia nasusnative Japanese grenadier anchovy Fung mei ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp Waan ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Lei ue 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris balianative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish Dai to ue 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giurisnative Tank goby Lam go ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemiculter leucisculusnative Sharpbelly Lam do 
Perciformes Gobiidae Hemigobius hoeveniinative Banded mulletgoby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixnative Silver carp Bin ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys nobilisintroduced Bighead carp Hak lin 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus hongkongensisnative   
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus opercularisnative Paradisefish Tin tong ue 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus undulatusnative   
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoidesintroduced Largemouth black bass Tam suy lo ue 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus anguillicaudatusnative Pond loach Nai chau 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus mizolepisnative Chinese muddy loach Nai chau 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Monopterus albusnative Asian swamp eel Wong sin 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet Wu tau 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mylopharyngodon piceusnative Black carp Hak waan 
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Nemacheilus fasciatusnative Barred loach So chau 
Osmeriformes Salangidae Neosalanx jordaninative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsariichthys bidensintroduced   
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusintroduced Mozambique tilapia Gam san tsak 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia  
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Oreonectes platycephalusnative Flat-headed loach Bin tau chau 
Beloniformes Adrianichthyidae Oryzias latipesnative Japanese rice fish Fut mei dzeung ue 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Parabramis pekinensisnative White amur bream Bin ue 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boronative Rice-paddy eel Snake eel 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulataintroduced Guppy Hung dzoek ue 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Pseudogastromyzon myersinative Sucker-belly loach Kap poon chau 
Siluriformes Siluridae Pterocryptis anomalanative   
Siluriformes Siluridae Pterocryptis cochinchinensisnative  Catfish 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius duospilusnative   
Osmeriformes Salangidae Salanx cuvierinative Noodlefish  
Osmeriformes Salangidae Salanx prognathusnative   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Schistura hinginative   
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihamanative Silver sillago Silver sillago 
Perciformes Odontobutidae Sineleotris saccharaenative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon atropurpureusnative   
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa reevesiinative Reeves shad Sam Lai 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Xenocypris macrolepisnative Yellowfin  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus helleriiintroduced Green swordtail  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus variatusintroduced Variable platyfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco acutipinnisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco platypusnative Freshwater minnow Hung tsi dzi 
Beloniformes Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus ectuntionative   
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