List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Ethiopia
(landlocked)

n = 172
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Dangerous Reef-associated Pelagic Deep-water Game fishes Commercial

Table 1: 170 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 2 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 0 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 172 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 170 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Afronemacheilus abyssinicusendemic   
Cypriniformes Nemacheilidae Afronemacheilus kaffaendemic   
Characiformes Alestidae Alestes baremozenative Silversides  
Characiformes Alestidae Alestes dentexnative Characin  
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius lampeiendemic   
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Andersonia lepturanative   
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius disparnative Arabian pupfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius stiassnyaeendemic Lake Afdera killifish Lake Afdera killifish 
Siluriformes Claroteidae Auchenoglanis biscutatusnative   
Siluriformes Claroteidae Auchenoglanis occidentalisnative Bubu  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous aeneofuscusnative Freshwater goby  
Siluriformes Bagridae Bagrus bajadnative Bayad  
Siluriformes Bagridae Bagrus docmaknative Semutundu Fergus 
Siluriformes Bagridae Bagrus urostigmanative Somalia catfish  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Brevimyrus nigernative   
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus affinisnative Redfin robber  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus macrolepidotusnative True big-scale tetra  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus nursenative Nurse tetra  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassiusintroduced Crucian carp Bilcha 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chelaethiops bibienative Lake Turkana sardine  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis modjensisendemic   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis niloticusnative   
Siluriformes Claroteidae Chrysichthys auratusnative   
Characiformes Citharinidae Citharinus citharusnative Moon fish  
Characiformes Citharinidae Citharinus latusnative   
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias anguillarisnative Mudfish  
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusnative North African catfish Ambaza 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon rendalliintroduced Redbreast tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon zilliiintroduced Redbelly tilapia  
Gonorynchiformes Kneriidae Cromeria niloticanative Naked shellear  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp  
Perciformes Anabantidae Ctenopoma murieinative Ocellated labyrinth fish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Tikure 
Perciformes Cichlidae Danakilia franchettiiendemic   
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus brevipinnisnative   
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus engycephalusnative Perch  
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus nefaschnative   
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus rostratusnative Grass-eater  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius anemanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius arambourgiendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius humilisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius kersteniinative Redspot barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius neglectusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius paludinosusnative Straightfin barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius perincenative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius pleurogrammaendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius pumilusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius stigmatopygusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius tanapelagiusendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Epiplatys spilargyreiusnative   
Esociformes Esocidae Esox luciusintroduced Northern pike  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrookiintroduced Eastern mosquitofish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra aethiopicaendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra blanfordiinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra cheberaendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra dembechanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra dembeensisnative Dembea stone lapper  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra duobarbisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra gebaendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra ignestiiendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra makiensisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra quadrimaculatanative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra regressusendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Garra tanaendemic   
Osteoglossiformes Gymnarchidae Gymnarchus niloticusnative Aba  
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis macconnelinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis rudolfianusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis turkanaenative Turkana haplo  
Perciformes Cichlidae Hemichromis fasciatusnative Banded jewelfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Hemichromis letourneuxinative Jewel fish  
Siluriformes Clariidae Heterobranchus bidorsalisnative African catfish  
Siluriformes Clariidae Heterobranchus longifilisnative Sampa  
Osteoglossiformes Arapaimidae Heterotis niloticusnative African bonytongue  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Hippopotamyrus pictusnative   
Characiformes Alestidae Hydrocynus brevisnative Tiger-fish  
Characiformes Alestidae Hydrocynus forskahliinative Elongate tigerfish  
Characiformes Alestidae Hydrocynus vittatusnative Tiger fish  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Hyperopisus bebenative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp  
Characiformes Distichodontidae Ichthyborus bessenative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo botteginative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo boulengeriendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo coubienative African carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo cylindricusnative Redeye labeo  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo forskaliinative  Teyimatie 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo horienative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo niloticusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo pellegrininative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus acutirostrisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus besoendemic African scraping feeder Bezo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus brevicephalusendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus bynninative Niger barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus crassibarbisendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus dainelliiendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus ethiopicusendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus gananensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus gorgorensisendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus gorguariendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus intermediusnative  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus jubaeendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus longissimusendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus macrophtalmusendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus megastomaendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus microterolepisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus nedgiaendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus osseensisendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus platydorsusendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus surkisendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus truttiformisendemic  Nech asa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus tsanensisendemic  Nech asa 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola jeannelinative Omo lampeye  
Perciformes Latidae Lates longispinisnative Rudolf lates  
Perciformes Latidae Lates niloticusnative Nile perch  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leptocypris niloticusnative   
Siluriformes Malapteruridae Malapterurus electricusnative Electric catfish  
Siluriformes Malapteruridae Malapterurus minjiriyanative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius annamariaeendemic   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius cyprinoidesnative   
Characiformes Alestidae Micralestes elongatusnative Elongated Turkana robber  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax antinoriinative Black lampeye  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax rudolfianusnative Lake Rudolf lampeye  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Mochokus niloticusnative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrops anguilloidesnative Cornish jack  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus caschivenative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus hasselquistiinative Elephant snout  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus kannumenative Elephant-snout fish  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus longirostrisnative Eastern bottlenose mormyrid  
Characiformes Distichodontidae Nannaethiops bleheriendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Neobola bottegoinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Neobola stellaenative   
Characiformes Distichodontidae Neolebias trewavasaenative   
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius jubbinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius microlepisnative Small scaled nothobranch  
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius nubaensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius patriziinative Blue notho  
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius virgatusnative   
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusnative Nile tilapia Gmnit 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis spilurusnative Sabaki tilapia  
Perciformes Channidae Parachanna obscuranative African obscure snakehead  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus banenative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus boveinative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Pollimyrus isidorinative Elephant Fish  
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Pollimyrus pethericinative   
Polypteriformes Polypteridae Polypterus bichirnative Nile bichir  
Polypteriformes Polypteridae Polypterus endlicheriinative Saddled bichir  
Polypteriformes Polypteridae Polypterus senegalusnative Gray bichir  
Lepidosireniformes Protopteridae Protopterus aethiopicusnative Marbled lungfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Raiamas senegalensisnative Senegal minnow  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo truttaintroduced Sea trout  
Perciformes Cichlidae Sarotherodon galilaeusnative Mango tilapia  
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe intermediusnative Silver catfish  
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe mystusnative African butter catfish  
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe uranoscopusnative   
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Siluranodon auritusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis batensodanative Upsidedown catfish  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis caudovittatusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis clariasnative Mandi  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis eupterusnative Featherfin squeaker  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis filamentosusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis frontosusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis geledensisnative Geledi squeaker  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis membranaceusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis nigritanative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis punctulatusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis schallnative Wahrindi  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis serratusnative   
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis sorexnative   
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Tetraodon lineatusnative Globe fish  
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