List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Taiwan
n = 184
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Table 1: 169 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 3 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 12 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 184 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 169 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Gobiidae Acanthogobius hastanative  長身鯊 
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus latusnative Yellowfin seabream 烏鯮 
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoidesnative Greenspot goby 綠斑細棘鰕虎魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Acrossocheilus paradoxusnative  石斑 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis miopsnative Flag-tailed glass perchlet 少棘雙邊魚 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenianative Banded-tail glassy perchlet 細尾雙邊魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus citrinellusintroduced Midas cichlid  
Perciformes Anabantidae Anabas testudineusnative Climbing perch  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolornative Indonesian shortfin eel 二色鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla japonicanative Japanese eel 日本鰻 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmoratanative Giant mottled eel 鱸鰻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris amnisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris kikuchiiendemic  馬達卡 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Aphyocypris moltrechtiendemic Moltrecht's minnow 台灣副細鯽 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius disparnative Fleshysnout catfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous melanocephalusnative Largesnout goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous ocellarisnative  厚唇鯊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbodes semifasciolatusnative Chinese barb 條紋二鬚魞 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbodes snyderinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Barbonymus schwanenfeldiiintroduced Tinfoil barb  
Perciformes Terapontidae Bidyanus bidyanusintroduced Silver perch Silver perch 
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis gymnopomusnative  裸首瘠塘鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Candidia barbataendemic  台灣鬚鱲 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Candidia pingtungensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius carassiusnative Crucian carp  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius cuvieriintroduced Japanese white crucian carp 日本鯽 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark 公牛白眼鮫 
Perciformes Channidae Channa asiaticanative Small snakehead 七星鱧 
Perciformes Channidae Channa maculatanative Blotched snakehead 鱧魚 
Perciformes Channidae Channa orientalisnative Walking snakehead  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Chanodichthys erythropterusnative Predatory carp 曲腰 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cirrhinus molitorellaintroduced Mud carp 鯁魚 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias batrachusintroduced Philippine catfish Thailand catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias fuscusnative Hong Kong catfish 土殺 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Colossoma macropomumintroduced Cachama Pacu 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon zilliiintroduced Redbelly tilapia 吉利慈鯛 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Culter alburnusnative  翹嘴鮊 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp 鯉 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Distoechodon tumirostrisnative  圓吻鮰 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Doryichthys boajanative  寶珈海龍 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris melanosomanative Broadhead sleeper 黑塘鱧 
Perciformes Gobiidae Favonigobius reicheinative Indo-Pacific tropical sand goby 雷氏鯊 
Perciformes Apogonidae Fibramia amboinensisnative Amboina cardinalfish  
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Formosania lacustreendemic  石貼仔 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish 大肚魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus brasiliensisintroduced Pearl cichlid  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres decacanthusnative Small Chinese silver-biddy  
Perciformes Eleotridae Giuris margaritaceanative Snakehead gudgeon 無孔塘鱧 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius aureusnative Golden tank goby 金叉舌鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius celebiusnative Celebes goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gobiobotia cheninative  陳氏鰍鮀 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gobiobotia kollerinative  中間鰍鮀 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemibarbus labeonative Barbel steed 唇 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemibarbus maculatusnative Spotted steed  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hemiculter leucisculusnative Sharpbelly 條 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Hemimyzon formosanusendemic  台灣間爬岩鰍 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Hemimyzon sheninative   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Hemimyzon taitungensisendemic  石貼仔 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys heptagonusnative Belly pipefish 七角海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys penicillusnative Beady pipefish  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus limbatusnative Congaturi halfbeak 緣下鱵 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus taiwanensisnative  臺下鱵 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus plecostomusintroduced Suckermouth catfish  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypsibarbus pierreiintroduced  高體高鬚魚 
Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatusintroduced Channel catfish  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectidae Kareius bicoloratusnative Stone flounder  
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia marginatanative Dark-margined flagtail 湯鯉 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia rupestrisnative Rock flagtail 大口湯鯉 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Larimichthys croceanative Large yellow croaker 大黃魚 
Perciformes Latidae Lates calcarifernative Barramundi 盲槽 
Siluriformes Amblycipitidae Liobagrus formosanusendemic  黃蜂 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Macrognathus aculeatusnative Lesser spiny eel 棘鰍 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus opercularisnative Paradisefish 蓋斑鬥魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Megalobrama amblycephalaintroduced Wuchang bream 團頭魴 
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoidesnative Indo-Pacific tarpon 海菴 
Perciformes Terapontidae Mesopristes cancellatusnative Tapiroid grunter 格紋鯻 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Metzia formosaenative  Taiwan lesser-bream 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Metzia lineatanative  斑 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Metzia mesembrinumnative  大鱗細鯿 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurusnative Short-tailed pipefish 短尾海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis leiaspisnative Barhead pipefish 無棘海龍 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis manadensisnative Menado pipefish 印尼海龍 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Microphysogobio alticorpusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Microphysogobio brevirostrisendemic  車栓仔 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus anguillicaudatusnative Pond loach 土鰍 
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Misgurnus mizolepisnative Chinese muddy loach  
Perciformes Monodactylidae Monodactylus argenteusnative Silver moony 銀鱗鯧 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Monopterus albusnative Asian swamp eel 鱔魚 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet 鯔 
Anguilliformes Muraenesocidae Muraenesox cinereusnative Daggertooth pike conger 海鰻 
Perciformes Blenniidae Omobranchus feroxnative Gossamer blenny 黑斑肩鰓鳚 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus formosanusendemic  台灣鱒 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout 虹鱒 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Onychostoma alticorpusnative Taiwan ku fish 高身鏟頜魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Onychostoma barbatulumnative Taiwan shoveljaw carp 苦花 
Perciformes Eleotridae Ophiocara porocephalanative Northern mud gudgeon 頭孔塘鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsariichthys evolansnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsariichthys kaopingensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsariichthys pachycephalusnative  溪哥 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureusintroduced Blue tilapia Blue tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusintroduced Mozambique tilapia Wu-Kuo yu 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia 尼羅口孵魚 
Perciformes Eleotridae Oxyeleotris marmorataintroduced Marble goby 斑駁尖塘鱧 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis managuensisintroduced Jaguar guapote  
Cypriniformes Cobitidae Paramisgurnus dabryanusnative  紅泥鰍 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchelanative Indian pellona 庇隆鰳 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boronative Rice-paddy eel 波路荳齒蛇鰻 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza macrolepisnative Largescale mullet 大鱗鮻 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza subviridisnative Greenback mullet 白鮻 
Osmeriformes Plecoglossidae Plecoglossus altivelisintroduced Ayu sweetfish Sweet-fish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulataintroduced Guppy  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia veliferaintroduced Sail-fin molly 帆鰭胎生鮰 
Perciformes Gobiidae Pseudapocryptes elongatusnative  尖尾鯊 
Siluriformes Bagridae Pseudobagrus brevianalisnative  短臂擬鱨 
Siluriformes Bagridae Pseudobagrus taiwanensisnative  台灣擬鱨 
Perciformes Gobiidae Pseudogobius javanicusnative  爪哇擬鰕虎 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pseudorasbora parvaintroduced Stone moroko 尖嘴仔 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys disjunctivusintroduced Vermiculated sailfin catfish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys multiradiatusintroduced Orinoco sailfin catfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius candidianusnative  明潭吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius delicatusnative  細斑吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius formosanusendemic  名古屋吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius gigasnative  大吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius giurinusnative  極樂鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius henchuenensisnative  恆春吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius lanyuensisnative  蘭嶼吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius maculafasciatusnative  斑帶吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius nagoyaenative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius nantaiensisnative  南台吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius rubromaculatusnative  短吻褐斑吻鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Rhinogobius similisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Rhodeus ocellatusnative Rosy bitterling 高體鰟鲏 
Perciformes Rhyacichthyidae Rhyacichthys aspronative Loach goby 溪鱧 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Sarcocheilichthys nigripinnisnative Rainbow gudgeon  
Perciformes Gobiidae Schismatogobius ampluvinculusnative  寬帶裸身鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus japonicusnative  日本禿頭鯊 
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihamanative Silver sillago Sand border 
Siluriformes Siluridae Silurus asotusnative Amur catfish 廉仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Sinibrama macropsnative  目孔 
Perciformes Percichthyidae Siniperca chuatsiintroduced Mandarin fish Kuei Fa bass 
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Sinogastromyzon nantaiensisnative   
Cypriniformes Balitoridae Sinogastromyzon puliensisendemic  石貼仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Spinibarbus hollandinative  更仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus argentatusnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus banarescuinative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Squalidus iijimaenative  飯島氏頜鬚鮈 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius ophthalmoporusnative  高身種子鯊 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon atropurpureusnative  菲律賓枝牙鰕虎 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stiphodon percnopterygionusnative  黑鰭枝牙鰕虎 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongyluranative Spottail needlefish 圓尾鶴鱵 
Anguilliformes Muraenidae Strophidon sathetenative Slender giant moray 長鯙 
Siluriformes Bagridae Tachysurus adiposalisnative  脂鮠 
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Takifugu ocellatusnative  弓斑多紀魨 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tanakia himantegusnative  革條副鱊 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa reevesiinative Reeves shad 鰣 
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbuanative Jarbua terapon 花身仔 
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster fasciataintroduced Banded gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster labiosaintroduced Thick lipped gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichogaster laliusintroduced Dwarf gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichopodus leeriiintroduced Pearl gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichopodus microlepisintroduced Moonlight gourami  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Trichopodus trichopterusintroduced Three spot gourami 絲鰭毛腹魚 
Perciformes Cichlidae Trichromis salviniintroduced Yellow belly cichlid  
Perciformes Gobiidae Tridentiger trigonocephalusnative Chameleon goby 紋縞鰕虎魚 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Xenocypris mediusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus helleriiintroduced Green swordtail  
Perciformes Apogonidae Yarica hyalosomanative Humpbacked cardinalfish 大目側仔 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Zacco platypusnative Freshwater minnow 溪哥 
Beloniformes Zenarchopteridae Zenarchopterus ectuntionative   
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